Islam (الإِسْلاَمُ) is a stated ambition to Islamise all others into the influence of [the] Shari’ah (شريعة).

Islam (الإِسْلاَمُ) is a stated ambition to Islamise all others into the influence of [the] Shari’ah (شريعة).

Shari’ah (شريعة).

Statement One

Concerning the Purposes of Allah, in encompassing mankind all about, in setting before men the evil tree, and in granting Iblis (Satan) respite أَخَّرْتَنِ that he might bring the descendants of Adam under his sway, wherein all men are tested of Allah.

Statement Two

Wherein that which is Shari’ah, being derived in meaning from Qur’an, Sira and a’Hadith (Sunna), in Islam, is called the Law of God. Wherein also Iblis (Satan) having been judged and found disobedient is respited by God and in that respite is all mankind come into temptation. So says, Islam.

Statement Three

In this respite أَخَّرْتَنِ of Allah, the claim of Satan was that he (Satan) would sway the majority of mankind, and but a few would remain faithful. In this purpose of Allah, the end of it is according to his unchanging word, even the recitation (Qur’an) “Go thy way; if any of them follow thee, verily Hell will be the recompense of you (all)—an ample recompense.”


60. Behold! We told thee that thy Lord doth encompass mankind round about: We granted the vision which We showed thee, but as a trial for men—as also the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Qur’an: We put terror (and warning) into them, but it only increases their inordinate transgression 61. Behold! We said to the angels: “Bow down unto Adam”: They bowed down except Iblis: He said, “Shall I bow down to one whom Thou didst create from clay?” 62. He said: “Seest Thou? This is the one whom Thou hast honoured above me! If Thou wilt but respite me to the Day of Judgment, I will surely bring his descendants under my sway—all but a few!” 63. (Allah) said: “Go thy way; if any of them follow thee, verily Hell will be the recompense of you (all)—an ample recompense. 64. “Lead to destruction those whom thou canst among them, with thy (seductive) voice; make assaults on them with thy cavalry and thy infantry; mutually share with them wealth and children; and make promises to them.” But Satan promises them nothing but deceit. 65. “As for My servants, no authority shalt thou have over them”: Enough is thy Lord for a Disposer of affairs. Surah 17:60-65

I wish to draw attention to verse sixty-two and word eight (17:62:8). Namely, the transliterated expression, akhara, translated into English by Abdullah Yusuf Ali as “Thou wilt respite me”. A more literal translation could be You give me respite. The transliteration akhartani is أَخَّرْتَنِ and is a conjunctive form of, [1] أَ (perfect verb) [2] خَّرْ (subject pronoun) and [3] تَنِ (object pronoun). Together they form أَخَّرْتَنِ, as in “قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَكَ هَـذَا الَّذِي كَرَّمْتَ عَلَيَّ لَئِنْ أَخَّرْتَنِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لأَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ إَلاَّ قَلِيلاً”  [Surah 17:62].

11. It is We Who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels bow down to Adam, and they bowed down; not so Iblis; He refused to be of those who bow down. 12. (Allah) said: “What prevented thee from bowing down when I commanded thee?” He said: “I am better than he: Thou didst create me from fire, and him from clay.” 13. (Allah) said: “Get thee down from this: it is not for thee to be arrogant here: get out, for thou art of the meanest (of creatures).” 14. He said: “Give me respite till the day they are raised up.” 15. (Allah) said: “Be thou among those who have respite.” 16. He said: “Because thou hast thrown me out of the way, lo! I will lie in wait for them on thy straight way: 17. “Then will I assault them from before them and behind them, from their right and their left: Nor wilt thou find, in most of them, gratitude (for thy mercies).” 18. (Allah) said: “Get out from this, disgraced and expelled. If any of them follow thee—Hell will I fill with you all. Surah 7:11-18

I wish to draw attention to verse fourteen and word two (7:14:2) The transliterated expression anẓir’nī, is translated into English by Abdullah Yusuf Ali as, “Give me respite.” The transliteration anẓir’nī is the Arabic Calligraph أَنْظِرْنِي or else فَأَنظِرْنِي, and is a conjunctive form of, [1] أَنْظِرْ (verb) or فَأَنظِرْ (verb) and [2] نِي (pronoun). Together they form أَنْظِرْنِي or else فَأَنظِرْنِي, as in “قَالَ أَنْظِرْنِي إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ” or “قَالَ فَأَنظِرْنِي إِلَى يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُون.”

The overwhelming sense and meaning of akhartani (17:62:8) is qualified by the preceding verse (61), where Satan refuses to bow down and worship the newly created Adam, because the man, Adam, is mere clay. Thus the semantic domains implicit in the conjugation of the term akhartani is that of [1] seeking to delay the judgement of God (death) [2] a permissive expression of the delay of judgement of God for a purpose of God, and [3] an emphatic assertion to test the obedience and loyalty of mankind, with the acknowledgement that a few will not yield to him (Satan).

Verse sixty-four then sets out the methodology and means by which Satan will carry out this permissive testing of mankind, and verse sixty-five reveals the sovereign hand of Allah, in that He alone preserves the few that Satan is unable to bring under his sway.

In speaking about Surah 7:11-18, we can see a very similar account of this same instance of the fall of Satan from paradise and the following assertion to lead mankind astray (though here more clearly expressed in terms of rebellion). In particular, the transliterated term anẓir’nī (7:14:2), is contextually clear in that there is no specific qualifying determination of Allah to use Satan to test mankind. In fact, the emphasis, semantically, is other than, and retrospectively shows Allah as having warned Adam and his wife that Satan was “an avowed enemy” (v22).

Further reading from 7:19-22 shows clearly that Satan, in his respited condition, then sets about to deceive Adam and his wife. He succeeds in this endeavour, and so Adam and his wife are cast out of paradise down (v24) to the earth. Clearly, in this account, paradise is in heaven itself, and the earth is a punishment or trial from which they will be eventually released (v25).

It is precisely in this context, of mankind having an abode here on the earth, that Satan is an instrument of testing the loyalty and obedience of mankind. The deferred judgement of Allah on Satan only ends with the resurrection of Adam and his progeny – including Christ and Muhammed, according to Islam.

Purpose & Meaning

It may seem an odd two passages to speak about, and especially placing so much emphasis on the Islamic or Qur’anic principle of the respite of Satan, but I cannot say more emphatically how important these two short passages of [the] Qur’an are in illuminating fundamental Islamic doctrine. In this verse alone one can find the meaning of sin, the nature of man, the nature of Satan and the permissive nature of Allah.

At the heart of Islam is the prophetic doctrine of (oneness) Tawhid. It is the same in vocative meaning as the Sh’ma Yisrael “Here O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.”

If the sum of obedience arising through knowledge set before us were these two prophetic ejaculations, then all mankind would indeed be left with a sense of the absoluteness and unchanging character of God as One. In this strict monotheism, the emotional charge of God on mankind would be that He alone determines all things, and that all things are tested by Him, in order that the things so tested, might be proven worthy of Him.

In such an understanding, it is possible to comprehend the words of [the] Qur’an “Behold! We told thee that thy Lord doth encompass mankind round about: We granted the vision which We showed thee, but as a trial for men—as also the Cursed Tree (mentioned) in the Qur’an: We put terror (and warning) into them, but it only increases their inordinate transgression! (17:60).

Of course, the Torah, as with [the] Qur’an, is a great deal more than this single truth. God is indeed One, yet God is One in Mercy, He is One in Truth, He is One in Justice, He is One in Righteousness, He is One in purpose, and amongst many other divine attributes, God is One in revelation of Himself to men or else God Himself is not One God. For this reason alone, Qur’an, as a claim to be the recitation and proclamation from the One True God, stands at irreconcilable odds with Israel, and by reason of Israel with all true Christians. If One God has revealed Himself to Israel, through the Law and the Prophets, and then again to Islam through Muhammed, then if these two revelations stand in any way contradictory, we do not have One true God in revelation, but god’s, whether of men or angels. In this, it is men who determine truth and men who press it into visibility. Islam is a full and complete falsehood pressed by Muhammed onto mankind. Islam is both a lie and a rank deception. Islam is incapable of establishing peace with God or with men.

The sayings of a Man of Christ

A true servant of God readily comprehends, that if God is One in mercy, truth, justice, righteousness and revelation of Himself, then He cannot be deceived, tricked, lied to, and coerced. In looking into Surah, 17:60-65 and Surah 7:11-18 it is possible to say that Satan, in perceiving his own disobedience, is able to find therein his purpose. Thereto he is able to speak to God that which would necessarily be the purpose of God. As Islam would agree with this central tenet of understanding, it would be inevitable that an explanation must be given to set before men, that which reveals the wickedness of Satan, and at the same time the reality, that if God is One in all things, including power, then he must also have set Satan into his place as well. This is a reading of the mind of Satan, according to [the] Qur’an, by a born-again Christian, and not necessarily a precise Islamic Jurisprudence of this text. It is the test of Allah towards the angels, in which test, is Satan permissively set on his course as a deceiver of men. It is not the making of a deceiver by reason of pride, but rather a proud deceiver, created to deceive, going about his ordinary business. For Islam, this reality is unanswered other than in the term أَخَّرْتَنِ (respite).

This central idea runs to the very heart of Islam because it speaks of the absoluteness of God and the reality that all creatures, whether angels or men, are subjugated to Him and proven by those appointed means of being tested. In this account of Satan (through disobedience), as well as all the angels (through obedience), the test of God, by subjugation, is evidenced in a command to bow down to Adam, whereas arising from this angelic test, the test to Adam is not only the evil tree but is Satan himself. When the commandment came, all of the angels were proven true to their purpose, by obedience, and Satan, in his disobedience, is proven true to his purpose. The commandment to bow down became the mechanism for revealing the purpose of God in creating the angels. Obedience means a choosing Islam or else a rejecting Islam. To choose Islam is to choose the good tree, to reject Islam is to choose the evil tree. Those who choose the evil tree, are by Allah permitted to go their way unto hell-fire. It is visible obedience, in bowing down to Allah, as Satan’s disobedience was a refusal to bow down to Adam. Those who will not bow down to Allah are the same as Satan himself.

Therefore by the knowledge of Satan in Surah 17:60-65 and Surah 7:11-18 is the mercy of Allah revealed as subjugation. This is Islam in purpose, according to Islam, and this is the true meaning of the recitation (Qur’an).

These two passages reveal that subjugation is the precise vehicle by which all creatures, including angels, are tested by Allah. To fail that test does not mean that Allah is at fault, it simply means that his demand on men and angels reveals their fault. In the case of angels that amounts to obedience because the angels have no free will.

In the case of men that almost always amounts to disobedience. To refuse Islam simply means revealing your true nature. At which point you become worthless in the sight of Allah. Not unsurprisingly, therefore, Mohammed himself treated unbelievers with utter contempt and subjected them to brutal and inhuman conditions within the boundaries of the Ummah. Human rights have no meaning in Islam. It is all a matter of Allah’s test and your refusal to bow down or else agree to becoming subjugated in every area of life to Islam.

It is important for me to say that according to my knowledge of Islam and [the] Qur’an (set apart from a’Hadith) I understand from this text, Surah 17:60-65 and 7:11-18, that the purpose of Allah in the giving of [the] Qur’an by his messenger, Muhammed, as the last book, is revealed by the testing of all things, through subjugation to Islam. The first evidence of which is the recitation itself. Muhammed was commanded to recite, and he was pressed into conforming to that command by Gabriel who delivered it. That is Islam in a few words. If Allah tested the angels with a simple act of bowing down to Adam, how then could we not say that Islam, by Islam, proves all things by subjugation to Allah, by bowing down?

This cuts to the very heart of Islamic intent. They that will not be subjugated to Islam are not Islam and therefore are destined to death and hell. Those who are subject to Islam are further tested by the absolute measure of that obedience (subjugation) unto paradise. Yet even in this saying, not all of Islam will see paradise easily, because not all of Islam are true and full in their obedience. This is the meaning of Islam, and this is its exact requirement. The part Satan has in this, according to [the] Qur’an, is not an easy one to lay hold off. Yet in its simplicity, it includes an understanding that Satan is an instrument of God, and is therefore fully subject to God. It also includes the belief that Satan was created Satan, and his activities and ambitions are therefore in keeping with the purpose for which he was created. It is a remarkable fact of Islam, that Islam is more in agreement with the ambitions of Satan to destroy humanity than it is in keeping with the will of God to save humanity from the consequence of sin. Islam means the way to death. Islam is a spirit of murder.

The reader should understand that in these sayings, whilst I am expressing an Islamic jurisprudence in the broadest and most general sense, it is not by reason of obedience to Islam, but by reason of the calling of God, in Christ Jesus. My obedience in this is not a measure of fulfilling a requirement of the doctrines of Islam, by which willingness I become a learned man; it has been by fulfilling the only requirement which God Himself has required of all men. It is to believe in His only begotten Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, by which obedience are all brought into the light of life and real understanding. It is in this light of Christ that of necessity all men do comprehend the folly of self-effort, otherwise, they have missed the true meaning of the gospel altogether. 

Of Self-Effort

As Islam is truly a religion of self-effort, albeit one centred in a perception of obedience to Allah, it would be remiss not to make some substance of the fact, that attendant to that effort, there is one, called Iblis (Satan) who is respited to obstruct man, if by that means he can bring to ruin and death those men who are inclined to disobedience. This activity of Satan is undertaken expressly in a state of akhartani (respite) and directly speaks to the Tawhid of Allah, who alone directs the course of all things, for as the confession of Islam asserts, there is no true god but God.

There are many difficulties with speaking about Satan in this way for the Christian, not least because the Bible itself makes a substantive and full disclosure of who Satan is in reality of God’s own knowledge of him. In [the] Qur’an, Iblis (Satan) is a most limited and partial presentation, and so in speaking about those passages of [the] Qur’an which disclose something of his activity and person, it is essential not to miss the opportunity to expose his deeper inclinations and not simply express an Islamic understanding. Without doubt a most profound reality of weakness in [the] Qur’anic account of Satan, which is exposed in this understanding of Iblis (Satan), is that through a living relationship with Christ we know that Satan was not only instrumental in the fall of man but that preceding the fall of man, Satan is already fallen into sin and death himself by reason of desiring to be like God. Indeed the single most characteristic of Satan is his ambition to be like God, at all cost, and in defiance of all reason. The very name means to oppose God.

Satan was not created a whisperer or a deceiver in Hebrew and Greek Scriptures, as he is in Islam, but he becomes the author of sin and death in the heavenly realms before he becomes the deceiver of all mankind on the earth. By Christ, we know that God made the man, Adam, to defeat Satan, and not that Satan rebelled because he could not bring himself to worship man. Angels are never commanded or required to worship men. Such a claim is blasphemous and idolatrous. It is thus that in the man Christ Jesus, who came in the likeness of sinful flesh, we read that the first man, Adam, became a living soul, and the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. We read that through the death of the cross, the last Adam, even Jesus Christ, defeated the powers of darkness, triumphing over them through death, making a public display of them.

For Islam, the idea that Satan rebelled directly against God, is blasphemous, as it speaks to Tawhid and the overwhelming meaning of the prophetic ejaculation God is One. For the Muslim, the expression would always have to be, that because God is One, therefore all things proceed from Him, and cannot be authored by any other, than him. In short Allah is comprehended as a subjugator of men by means of Islam. If the men of Islam subjugate others, wherein is there found any surprise? Islam is abusive in its very meaning of Allah.

Another implication also arises from the meaning of Tawhid.

As the only Islamic account of Satan’s activity, as a liar or else a deceiver, is in context of leading men away from Islam, the implication of this is that the Islamic emphasis on an individual’s sin, is in context of following Satan, and has nothing to do with an individual’s inner condition or desire to sin. Neither does it have anything to do with specific actions outside of the issue of adultery. In Islam, it is possible to do almost anything at all and still not be reckoned a sinner as long as your actions are for the furtherance of Islam.

Yet at the same time, Islam expresses firmly, the eternal consequences of the actions of individual men and women, and not directly the activity of Iblis (Satan). Casually it may be reasonable to say that Islam regards sin as an act of the individual and therefore sin is entirely the responsibility of the individual. Yet in strict jurisprudence, Islam believes that sin is not measured in precise actions, but rather in any action that goes against Allah. This belief has the effect of excluding a power of sin and death working in men and women, thereby allowing for no other explanation for sin, than the power of Satan to deceive.

The Qur’an expressly excludes and denies a sinful nature of man arising from the fall of Adam into sin. Thus men sin because they choose to follow Satan in his remitted activities, and not because they are sinners by nature arising from a fall into sin and death through a direct disobedience to the commandment of God. In Islam this further has the effect of emphasising that those who follow Satan, in whatever way they do follow him, makes certain that those who go to hell do so because they fully deserve to go to hell. Hence the words, “verily Hell will be the recompense of you (all)—an ample recompense.” (17:63).

Another weighty consequence, therefore, of those Shari’ah meanings which proceed from [the] Qur’anic text itself, is the doctrine of deserved death and hell, wherein the mercy of God is limited to a legal requirement of obedience to Shari’ah, without any possibility of, or else a reason for a Messiah or Saviour. This is why the use of [the] Qur’anic transliteration al-Masih (Christ or Messiah} has a profoundly different meaning in [the] Qur’an than its true meaning in Hebrew and Greek Scriptures. Finally, the extent, that Allah is merciful is measured in the giving of his recitation (Qur’an) to Muhammed and thence to the world. To that extent, for the Muslim, is the mercy of Allah comprehended. So for the reasonable man of Islam, saying that Christ is the author of life (Acts 3:15), is blasphemous for the same reason that it is blasphemous to say that Satan is the author of sin and death.

In Islam, only Allah is the author of all things, and he alone makes Iblis who he is, and he alone makes the man who he is. The separation of meaning for Islam can be found in the power of Allah to keep his chosen ones through Shari’ah Islam, and not in providing a basis for all men to be forgiven through a Saviour. In Islam, forgiveness, and therefore salvation, means subjugation to Islam. In Christ, forgiveness means believing into Christ who took the sin of the world upon Himself in obedience to the Father.

The overarching meaning of Islam is not mercy in the way Christians understand the mercy of God in Christ Jesus; it is rather a mercy through Shari’ah Law. In this reality of Islam, Shari’ah and Qur’an have the same meaning. Qur’an is the miracle of Allah, Shari’ah is its expression, firstly through the recitation of Muhammed, and thereafter by his faithful men, beginning with his companions, and all those who bow down to Islam, following on. This is the Ummah of Islam in its true demonic meaning.

Of Shari’ah and Torah

It was the measure of unbelief in Israel, and a failure to comprehend this precise same reality, of a wrong confidence in the Law, that in the day of the Lord, (seeing not the promised Messiah), Israel’s scholars searched the Scriptures diligently, believing that in them they would find life. At the end of it, they rejected Messiah and cried out “Crucify Him; We have no king but Caesar”. In the Torah is found the commandments of obedience, according to the Law; including the sacrifices and the table.

In these things are the outward testimony of the promised Messiah by yearly sacrifices, yet the many of Israel did not understand that the Law was to be their tutor, pointing to the Messiah, through Whom alone is the forgiveness of sin, and the gift of eternal life.

Islam is also a requirement to Law, not the Law of Moses; it is the Shari’ah of Allah by his messenger, Muhammed. Muhammed’s obedience in recitation (literally Qur’an) is the recitation of all men who would be saved from hell, by obedience to Allah through Islam. It is the Law of Islam. The promise of God in Christ Jesus however, is that all who believe in His death and resurrection for sin shall be saved for eternity by grace, through faith, without works.

I often hear or else read Muslims explaining that the strict requirement of Qur’an, Sunna and a’Hadith is no different in the necessity of obedience to Allah by his messenger Muhammed than the strict requirement of God through Torah on Israel, by His servant Moses. In this saying, which the faithful of Israel, even today, would lay hold of in obedience to Torah, it is neglected that Christ fulfilled the Law and the Prophets in His own body through obedience unto death. His resurrection from the dead is the evidence of this fulfilment. The sending of the Holy Spirit in power is the evidence of His kingdom, and the obedience of His prophets, apostles, even unto the least of His servants, is the evidence of His faithfulness in keeping those who are His, by His own power and authority.

Regardless as to the faithful of Islam, or the unbelief of Israel, those who are in Christ are already in life. Their obedience believes into Him, and the proof of it is their faithful walk. In this, the evidence that Satan is defeated becomes visible. Its meaning is simply that all who believe in Christ Jesus, who truly humble themselves unto the God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, are thereby able to turn to face the enemy of their souls, even Satan, and resist him, and he will flee from them.

I find that the Satan (Iblis) of [the] Qur’an has no relationship in meaning or person to the Satan revealed in the book of the Jews and the Christians. Islam embraces Satan as he is, according to Satan. The Satan who is known to those who comprehend the mercy of God in Christ Jesus, is a deceiver, a liar and a defeated, disobedience angel, whose judgement is already pronounced, and whose sentence is already known in full. It is the lake of fire, even the second death.

The power that wrought this dreadful scheme was the power of sin and death working in Satan in the first instance. The power which brought this dreadful reality to a conclusion of deliverance was the power of God working in Christ Jesus. All men are tempted according to their own sinful desires. Thus I find that the only deliverance for men, according to the way of Islam, is subjugation to Islam wherein is found the protection of Allah, according to [the] Qur’an. Whereas in Christ, there is life and liberty, freely given by the obedience of Christ Himself, willingly, in His own body, unto death on the Cross, for sin. The only people Satan tempts are those who have been delivered from the power of sin and death through Christ, for they alone are his true fear. Thus in tempting these, he is always seeking to make a ruin of their faithful walk, and their necessary witness of Christ raised from the dead.

If Satan is an instrument in the hand of God, it is indeed because God is One in power and authority. Yet in this, there is another precious truth to be laid hold of. The very same One who demands obedience from all of His creatures, as He must, is Himself merciful and faithful in His promises. God is one, hear it O Israel and tremble. God is also He who covenanted with the woman that through her womb He would bring forth the promised seed. Though she was dead in sin when these words were spoken to her, after the promise of God, she is called Eve, which being translated means, mother of the living. Jesus said, “I am the Way, the Truth and the Life, no man cometh unto the Father, except by Me.” I bear witness to this truth. God is merciful and has wonderfully kept His promise to the woman. Countless men and women know Him, and through Him, know the Father in heaven. To know the Father and the Son is eternal life. Islam is set to destroy that claim by Muhammed its prophet. Therefore we reject both Islam and Muhammed, utterly, without reservation.

So far as I can comprehend it, I find that Islam has only two sayings about Satan which correspond to the revelation of God in Hebrew and Greek Scriptures. These are that Satan is subject to God Himself and that Satan is a deceiver, especially in seeking to keep men from a knowledge of God. According to the recitation of [the] Qur’an, this activity of Satan amounts to turning men away from Islam. As far as Satan being subject to God, even this itself is qualified by the claim that Satan is a Jinn and as such he is created Satan and did not become Satan. Although the Islamic conception of Jinn is alien to Christians, the claim, is that the Jinn can be either good or evil in their actions. Whether this amounts to saying that the Jinn choose to do evil and then are forever evil, is more than likely irrelevant. This is because, in Islam, forgiveness of sin is a matter of Allah’s will, and is based on nothing more than Allah’s will. So if Allah forgives sin, then it is forgiven with no other basis for remission.

The basis for forgiveness in Islam is simply the will of Allah, moral consistency is irrelevant in Islam as far as forgiveness is concerned. The moral compass of Islam, as a religious and sociopolitical system, is Allah himself, as exemplified in the life of Muhammed. Given the life of Muhammed as presented in Qur’an, Sira and a’Hadith (Medinan) it is no wonder that nothing less than total and unremitting subjugation to Islam is reflected in Islam’s strictest sect. In Islam, men and Jinn have free will. Thus Satan as the chief of the Jinn, according to Islam, must have begun with a free will, and moreover, he must have retained one even after he rebelled. In speaking about Satan, I am also speaking about men. In speaking about men and Jinn, I am speaking about eternal life, according to Islam.

The angels in Islam are seen as having no free will. The Jinn are seen as having free will, and man is seen as having free will. Thus in a strict Qur’anic interpretation, Satan cannot be a true angel. If he were a true angel, then this would amount to saying that Allah created Satan to do evil. Or else conversely it would amount to a claim that when Satan refused to bow down to Adam, God’s creative power was thereby abrogated and proven worthless.

As to how these claims, in general, are measured against Hebrew and Greek Scriptures, it is only really necessary to point out that neither the Jewish faith of old, nor the new faith of Israel, nor the faith of Christians agree with Islam on many points of understanding. Once again let me say it plainly and clearly. Islam and Torah are not related in substance or purpose. The fact that Satan (Iblis) is mentioned in [the] Qur’an does not mean that it is the same Satan who is revealed in Hebrew and Greek Scriptures. The Satan of [the] Qur’an is a fictional character invented by Satan in order to facilitate a profound deception upon humanity. Islam is the only belief system that seeks to triumph over the Christian faith. Satan presses that ambition by disclosing insights into biblical meanings that give Islam a seeming substance of God. Whereas, there is no substance of God in Islam. In that activity of Satan we find that Islam is his best work, in which he is both the chief character for good and evil. Of evil, he is a fictional confused spirit – of good, he is the preparation of another man – called Masih ad-Dajjal (المسيح الدجّال‎‎).

 Robert Chisholm

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